Srirangapatna is a town in mandya district, Karnataka. The place is of historical, cultural and religious significance and is located near the city of mysuru. The entire town is surrounded to form a river island, The paschima vahini section of the kaveri river at Srirangapatna is considered sacred. From time immemorial the city has been an urban centre and a place of pilgrimage.
When the region came under the power of Vijayanagara Empire, Srirangapatna was the base of the Vijayanagara viceroys, It continued till 1610 and when the ruler of Mysore refused continue the vassal status of Vijayanagara and captured Srirangapatna. The Wodayar king moved his capital to Srirangapatna. Later the capital was moved out of Srirangapatna to the present day Mysore City. Srirangapatna became the capital of Mysore under Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. Srirangapatna flourished as the cosmopolitan capital of this powerful state. Various Indo-Islamic monuments that was constructed in the town, such as Tipu Sultan’s palaces, the Darya Daulat and the Jumma Maseedi dates from this period. Srirangapatna remained part of the Kingdom of Mysore from 1610 to after India’s independence in 1947; as the fortress closest to the capital city of Mysore, it was the last bastion and defence of the kingdom in case of invasion. Between 1766 and 1799 four wars were fought between the English East India Company and the Mysore, known in history as the Mysore Wars. The first two wars were crucial against the company forces. In the third Mysore war, Tipu sultan lost a great part of his kingdom and his side suffered greatly. The fourth and final war of Mysore saw the fall of tipu sultan, and he was killed by the British. Later the wodeyars of Mysore was reinstalled as the rulers of Mysore.
Another major attraction in Srirangapatna is the Gumbaz, The mausoleum of Tipu Sultan, Hyder Ali and his mother Fatima Begum. The Gumbaz is surrounded by the beautiful garden the Lalbagh. The Gumbaz is built on a high and wide platform with polished pillars all over. It has a large well-shaped dome and beautifully carved ebony doors built with ivory. It has stone carvings with excellent work and inscriptions. Next to the Gumbaz is a mosque Masjid-e-aksa. There is another popular picnic spot called sangam where the river loakpavani meets cauvery. The Ranganathaswamy temple in Srirangapatna is another major tourist attraction. As per the historians, the Ganag ruler Tirumalaiya built this temple in the 9th century. The temple was constructed during the rule of tipu sultan, and both tipu and his father hyder ali contributed generously to the Ranganathaswamy temple. The temple architecture is a mixture of the Hoysala and Vijayanagar styles. Within the complex there are temples of Gowtama muni and the River Cauvery. There is a shrine dedicated to Ranganayaki Thaayaar in the northwest corner of the temple.
How to reach :
Srirangapatna is well connected by both road and rail transports. The nearest major city is Mysore , which is located about 20km. Bangalore is around 125km northeast of Srirangapatna. The highway that connects Bangalore with Mysore passes through Srirangapatna town. Srirangapatna has a small railway station, most of the express trains stops at Srirangapatna. There are frequent bus services that connects Mysore city with Srirangapatna.