Purandaradasa is one of the most prominent Composer of carnatic music. Purandaradasa was born in Kshemapura, Shimoga District in Karnataka. His father, Varadappa Nayaka was a wealthy merchant. Purandaradasa was well versed in kannada, Sanskrit and music and he received good education. He signed his compositions with the pen name “Purandara Vittala”. At the age of 16 he married Saraswatibai, She was said to be a pious young girl. He lost his parents at the age of 20, thereby inheriting his father’s business of gemstones and pawning. He became prosperous and came to be known as a rich man in terms of wealth.
At the age of 30, He gave away all his wealth to charity and together with his family left his house to lead the life of a wandering minstrel. In his very first song composition, he laments his wasted life of indulgence. It begins with the words ‘Ana lae kara’ in the Shuddha Saveri raga, set to Triputa tala. It was purandaradasa who systematized the method of teaching carnatic music, which is followed even today. It was he who started grading lessons such as Swaravalis, Janta swaras, Alankaras, Lakshana geetas, Prabandhas, Ugabhogas, Geeta, Sooladis and Kritis. Another important contibution was the fusion of bhava, raga and laya in his music compositions. He also composed a large number of lakshya and lakshana geetas, many of which are sung to this day. He was well known as sageetha pithamaha for his outstanding contributions to carnatic music. His compositions are equally famous in hindustani music also. He fought the evils of casteism through his compositions.
He has traveled extensively through the length and breadth of the Vijayanagara empire in Karnataka, Tirupati and Pandharapura composing and rendering soul stirring songs in praise of god. He spent his last years in Hampi and also said to have sung in Krishnadevaraya’s durbar. The mantapa in which he stayed is known as Purandara Dasa Mantapa in Hampi. There are around 4.75 lakh kirtanas which has been attributed to him. He died in 1564 at the age of 80.
Courtesy : wikipedia
Kannada Dasara Padagalu
|Arpana (Dasara Padagalu) – Sri Vidyabhushana|