Purandara Dāsa is a prominent Carnatic music Composer who lived in the 14th century. He is widely referred to as the Pitamaha of Carnatic Music in honour of his significant contribution to Carnatic music.Purandara Dasa was born in 1484 in Kshemapura, near Tirthahalli, Shimoga district, Karnataka. He is the one who Structured and graded exercises in karnatic music known as Swaravalis and Alankaras. Purandara Dasa systematized the method of teaching Carnatic music which is followed till the present day.Majority of his Carnatic Music Compositions are in kannada. Purandara Dasa was the first citation needed composer to include comments on ordinary daily life in song compositions. He used elements of colloquial language for his lyrics. Purandara Dasa was a performer), a lakshanakara,and the founder of musical pedagogy. He received good education in accordance with family traditions and gained proficiency in Kannada, Sanskrit, and sacred music. At the age of 16 he married Saraswatibai, But he lost his parents at the young age 20, thereby inheriting his father’s business of gemstones and pawning. He prospered and became known as “navakoti narayana”.
Purandara Dasa traveled extensively through the length and breadth of the Vijayanagara empire in Karnataka, Tirupati, Pandharapura composing and rendering soul stirring songs in praise of god. He spent his last days in Hampi and also sang in Krishnadevaraya’s durbar. The mantapa in which he stayed is known as Purandara Dasa Mantapa in Hampi. There are around 4.75 lakh kirtanas attributed to him. According to history, He wanted to complete making 5 lakh keerthanas. Being unable to do this, he requested his younger son to complete them. His son Madhwapathi told his father that he could do this in his next birth. It is believed that he was reborn as the famous Vijayadaasa—birthplace is Cheekalparvi village near Maanvi town, Raichur district in Karnataka State—and completed the remaining 25 thousand keerthanas as promised. Most his songs are in praise of Lord Narayana and other Devatas. He is believed to be an avatar of Narada due to this reason. He died in 1564 at the age of 80.