Nagarhole National Park – AKA ( Rajiv Gandhi National Park – Kodagu)
Nagarhole National Park also known as the Rajiv Gandhi national park is situated in kodagu district, Karnataka. The park was declared a tiger reserve in the year 1999 and it is part of the Nilgiri biosphere reserve. The western ghats which includes the Nagarhole park is under the consideration by UNESCO World Heritage Committee to be selected as a World Heritage Site. The park has got rich forest cover, valleys and waterfalls etc. The park covers an area of 643 km and is located north west of Bandipur national park. The Kabini reservoir separates Nagarhole and Bandipur national parks. The park got its name snakes and streams. It was once a hunting reserve of the wodeyar dynasty. The park was set up in the year 1955 and later was upgraded into a national park in the year 1988.Later in the year 1999,the park was declared as a tiger reserve. The park receives an annual rainfall of 1140 mm, The main water sources are The lakshman Theertha, Nagarhole, Balle halla, Kabini, four perennial streams and 47 other seasonal streams.
The main flora includes rosewood, teak, sandalwood and silver oak. Other tree species that are seen in the forests are Lagerstroemia microcarpa, Kadam, cotton tree, Schleichera trijuga and some species of Ficus. Species found growing also includes Kydia calycina, Indian gooseberry and beech wood, Shrubs like horse nettles, tick clover, Helicteres species and other invasive species like lantana and bonesets are found in large numbers. Also found here are some conspicuous tree species such as golden shower tree, Flame of the Forest and clumping bamboo etc. The fauna includes tiger, leopard, wild dog sloth bear and the hyena. The park protects the wildlife of Karnataka. The herbivores found here includes spotted deer, sambar, barking deer, four-horned antelope, wild boar and elephant. Over 250 species of birds are found at Nagarhole National Park. Besides the enormous variety of woodland birds, there are large congregations of water fowl in the Kabini river. Birds range from blue-bearded bee-eater, scarlet minivet and Malabar whistling thrush to the more common ospreys, herons and ducks. Other mammals includes the common langur, Bonnet macaque, jungle cat, slender Loris, leopard-cat, common otter, giant flying squirrel, porcupine, jackal, mouse-deer, hare and pangolin. many other birds, reptiles and insects are found inside the park. The park is usually closed for safaris during the mating season of animals and during monsoon season. Vehicle entry is restricted from 6 pm to 6 am. There are guests houses, lodges inside the park. Safaris are organized in morning and evening.