Bandipur National Park
Bandipur National Park was established in the year 1974 as a tiger reserve under the project tiger. The park is situated at Chamarajanagar district, about 80 kilometres from the city of Mysore. Once a private hunting reserve for the maharaja of Mysore. The park is known for its wildlife and many types of biomes. The Maharaja of of Mysore created a sanctuary of 35 sq mi in 1931 and named it the Venugopala Wildlife Park. The Bandipur Tiger Reserve was established under Project Tiger in 1973 by adding nearly 800 km2 to the already existing Venugopala Wildlife park. Spanning an area of 874 sq kilometres, The National Park is home to several species of endangered wildlife. The park is part of the Nilgiri biosphere reserve which also have, Mudumalai National Park, Nagarhole National Park and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.
The park is situated where the Deccan Plateau meets the Western Ghats and the altitude of the park ranges from 680 m to 4770 pm. The park is flanked by the kabini river towards the north and the moyar river towards the south. The climate is tropical with distinct wet and dry seasons. The dry season usually begins in the month of march and will last till june. The flora includes teak, rosewood, sandalwood, Indian-laurel, Indian kino tree, giant clumping bamboo etc. Also there are other notable flowering and fruiting trees like kadam tree, axlewood, crape-myrtle, Odina wodiar, flame of the forest, black cutch, indigoberry etc. Other fauna includes different species of reptiles, Butterflies, Ant species and dung Bettles.
How to reach :
Bandipur National park is about 200 Kms from Bangalore. The best route is via Bangalore – Mysore – Nanjangud – Gundelpet – Bandipur NP.